Open-grown trees have broad, rounded crowns on short, branching boles. 1955. What Does a Big-Leaf Maple Need to Survive?. 21 p. College of ForestryOregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-5704 Phone: 541-737-2004owic@oregonstate.edu................... Oregon Producers and Users of Bigleaf Maple, Forest Engineering, Resources & Management, Top height of existing mature trees is 80 to 100 ft, Rapid juvenile height growth of >3 ft per year, Sustained height growth from age 15 to 30 of 1 to 2 ft per year. One mill study conducted with NHLA standard grades rather than modified red alder and maple grades found a percentage recovery of No. Thinning and vegetation management may be needed to maintain adequate space for the growth of bigleaf maple. Fragrant Yellow. Timber Inventory Substantial volumes of bigleaf maple occur in every subregion of the Northwest (Appendix 1, Table 1). Bigleaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest. The influence of bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) on the growth of mature conifers in the coastal forests of British Columbia has not been previously assessed. Generally, logs are priced on the basis of diameter and length specifications developed by local log buyers. 1988. Survival, age and height distributions, and stocking of bigleaf maple (Acermacrophyllum Pursh) seedlings were studied in 1- to 250-year-old Douglas-fir (Pseudotsugamenziesii (Mirb.) When properly seasoned, the wood is relatively stable and is not apt to split or surface check in use. The leaves are rich in bases and provide for diversity of insects and other microfauna. Cold temperatures probably limit the northern occurrence of bigleaf maple. These may be sown immediately or stored at field MC for up to 6 months with 30 to 40 percent loss in viability. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20:259-266. Roundheaded borers often damage the wood of dead and dying trees. in DBH (133 in. It frequently grows in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump. long. Gross annual volume growth on these plots was about 140 ft3 per acre. About Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) 30 Nurseries Carry This Plant. Acer stellatum Greene. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. %PDF-1.6 %���� Although much of the wood is straight-grained, some highly figured wood that includes wavy, quilted, fiddle-back or birds-eye grain patterns is also produced. Common epiphytes are licorice fern, club moss (Selaginella oregano), and other mosses (Hylocomium splendens, Leucolepis menziesii, Isothecium stoloniferum, and Neckera menziesii) and lichens (Cladonia, Nephroma, and Crocynia spp.). 2 Shop, No. USDA Forest Service, Washington D.C. Agriculture Handbook 654. These values are the same as those of black cherry, and are better than those of red alder (radial 4.2 percent, tangential 7.3 percent) and Oregon white oak (radial 4.4 percent, tangential 9.0 percent). Bigleaf maple can grow on relatively hot, dry areas, such as upland sites in southwestern Oregon. Herbaceous associates include maidenhair fern, western swordfern, ladyfern, red woodsorrel, false lily-of-the-valley, prince’s-pine, spreading sweetroot, and twinflower. There have been very few efforts to plant bigleaf maple in the wild. Product Recovery Sawlogs generally have a minimum diameter of 7 to 10 in. Drying and Shrinkage Under properly controlled conditions, bigleaf maple can be successfully kiln-dried in a short time with a minimum of degrade. Amazon.com : BIGLEAF MAPLE Acer Macrophyllum 10 SEEDS : Garden & Outdoor. It is quite tolerant and commonly establishes in forest understories, where it can persist for long periods. Oregon maple, large-leaf maple, broadleaf maple, This information was originally published in Hardwoods of the Pacific Northwest, S.S. Niemiec, G.R. Try Prime Cart. One study indicates a high sensitivity to toxic boron in the soil. 207 29 If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Its 1-foot across, five-lobed leaves are the largest of any maple: hence, its name and its unparalleled ability to cast shade and put on a color-show in fall. Seedlings and saplings are often clipped by mountain beaver. Oregon Forest Products Laboratory, State Board of Forestry and School of Forestry, Corvallis. Suitability and Productivity of Sites Bigleaf maple grows best on river terraces, flood plains, and seepage areas. Management should target a spacing regime that produces optimal growth while maintaining the benefits of crowding in young stands or clumps. With proper fertilization, bigtooth maples can reach 35 feet tall with a 30-foot spread. With even-aged mixtures or short (less than 10 years) delays in bigleaf maple establishment, maple sawtimber can be harvested at the same time as associated conifers. Many seeds may remain on trees during this period. Seeds germinate well on both mineral and organic substances. Moderate crowding is necessary to reduce branching and forking and induce self-pruning. To ensure a supply of maple seedlings, arrangements must first be made for collection of seed and for production of seedlings at a qualified nursery. Growth Rate Fast Growing: Drought Tolerance Low: Wind Resistance Medium: About Bigleaf Maple Bigleaf Maple (a.k.a. The syrup is used as a sweetener on many foods. The trunk diverges into numerous long, thick vertical limbs. The verticillium wilt (Verticillium albo-atrum) can be a serious problem for ornamental trees and it sometimes kills bigleaf maple in the forest. Its most common association are Douglas-fir, grand-fir, red alder, Sitka spruce, western redcedar, western hemlock, Pacific dogwood, and Pacific madrone. The glue line can be visible when darker resins are used because of the wood’s light color. Forest Products Journal 34(7/8):51-56. BASTENDORFF, K.M., and A. POLENSEK. Interactions with Wildlife Damage caused by deer and elk is probably the most important factor affecting the height and form of bigleaf maple seedlings and sprouts. Individual maple stumps can produce up to 60 basal sprouts, and shoots can grow 2 m or more in height annually (Figure 1) (Lauterbach and Warren 1982; Cole and Newton 1990). The carpenter worm (Prionoxystus robinae) can cause serious damage in living trees of all sizes. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 - 40 m (99 - 131 ft) high. There are no established guides or site-index curves for estimating the productivity of a site for bigleaf maple. Red Maple Trees and Hybrids Red maple (A. rubrum, USDA zones 3 … Burns and B.H. 1 Shop, No. Bigleaf's Cloud-first SD-WAN is the best way to ensure high availability and performance for all of your business' Cloud technologies. Maple is most abundant in the Puget Sound region of Washington and the Northwest region of Oregon. G-4. 3 Shop, and Frame. Good potential for growth of bigleaf maple on a site is indicated by the following: Climate Bigleaf maple is commonly found across a wide range of climates, from the cool, moist (temperate rain forest) conditions of the Olympic Peninsula to warm, dry (Mediterranean) conditions of southwestern Oregon. Longevity Greater than 150 years. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:2223-2228. Yellow flowers grow in drooping 6 inch clusters in the spring before the emergence of bright green leaves. Posted by; Categories Uncategorized; Date November 1, 2020; Comments 0 comment; 0000006244 00000 n Basketry Companion Fibre Fuel Hair Preservative Scourer WoodThe leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them[18, 20]. Continuing diameter growth on mature trees. The growth rings on the end grain are not very distinct; on the radial and tangential surfaces, however, the growth rings (diffuse porous) and are moderately small to medium in size. Honkala, coords. Common shrub and herb associates include serviceberry, salal, red huckleberry, devil’s-club, Pacific rhododendron, thimbleberry, salmonberry, vine maple, and hazel. Planted seedlings are sometimes prone to forking and poor form, particularly after they have been browsed or physically damaged. Unlike the standard NHLA grading rules, these grasdes are generally based on the best face of the piece. Oregon maple log and lumber grading. Acer macrophyllum, the bigleaf maple or Oregon maple, is a large deciduous tree in the genus Acer . Grades can be applied to rough, surfaced, green, or dry lumber; in practice, lumber is usually dried and surfaced before grading. To maintain moderate crowding, stands should not be opened too much initially. Seed Bigleaf maple seeds are borne in pubescent, double samaras with wings from 1.4 to 2 in. maximum). Unmanaged sprout clumps produce too many stems and poor stem quality. endstream endobj 289 0 obj <>stream It grows to 35 m tall, but more commonly 15 m to 20 m tall. Average temperatures range from a minimum of 28°F (January) to a maximum of 81°F(July). If seed are collected later, at higher MC, they should not be dried.

In their natural habitat, bigleaf maples are found most commonly in the forest or on forested slopes. Flooding for more than 2 months during the growing season will kill maples of all ages. Bigleaf maples grow very quickly when young, but slow their growth rate with age. Bigleaf maple is moderately long-lived; some individuals may reach 300 years of age. Maple is considered to be a soil-building species; leaves and litter contain relatively high concentrations of macro- and micro-nutrients. A low tolerance to cold and snow is indicated by the absence of maple at higher elevations and by its narrow coastal range. Effects of bigleaf maple on soils in Douglas-fir forests. Lumber is graded with the special NHLA rules for bigleaf maple; grades include Selects and Better, No. The growth potential of bigleaf maple is rarely achieved in the field under normal conditions of light, moisture, competition, and browsing intensity (7). Bigleaf maple can continue to grow in diameter and respond to released growing space for at least 30 to 40 years. Predation by rodents and invertebrates is a major cause of seedling mortality. Control of competing vegetation should improve on the low rates of establishment and slow growth observed for maple in the presence of dense understory vegetation. Natural rates of establishment are low under dense shade or in clearcuts. A rotation age of 40 to 50 years may be feasible in managed stands. Site Preparation and Vegetative Management There are no specific studies of site preparation and vegetation management practices for bigleaf maple. Flowers Inconspicuous. The understory vegetation associated with maple can be quite different from that in adjacent conifer forests. The most prevalent drying defects are end checks and collapse, or mold growth that causes stained wood. Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf or Oregon Maple) is a large deciduous tree. About 18 percent of the total hardwood volume in the Pacific Northwest is bigleaf maple. Bigleaf Maple (a.k.a. in DBH (133 in. Bigleaf maple does not seem to require high soil fertility, based on its competitive success over a range of soil nutrient conditions. The radial shrinkage (green to ovendry) is 3.7 percent and the tangential shrinkage value is 7.1 percent. It is native to western North America, mostly near the Pacific coast, from southernmost Alaska south to … Stand Management Diameter growth of bigleaf maple is very responsive to increased growing space. Insects and Diseases Young, undamaged trees are generally free of serious disease or decay. Genetics In genetics research, the major interest is in cultivars for ornamental uses. Tolerance, Crown Position Bigleaf maple occurs as a dominant, codominant, or intermediate tree in even- or uneven-aged stands. Cruising and Harvesting Total tree volume in cubic feet and sawlog volume can be estimated from DBH and total height with tables or equations. Although some forest nurseries are producing bigleaf maple on a trial basis, commercial supplies of maple seedlings are not consistently available. 1990. Strength and stiffness of red alder and bigleaf maple pallet materials. Within its range, precipitation varies from 22 to 260 in. The outstanding performance of bigleaf maple cultivated in nurseries and back yards indicates great potential for management of seedlings in the field. Old or damaged trees commonly have serious defects caused by wood-rotting fungi, which invade through stem and branch wounds. Peterson. On drier upland sites, bigleaf maple can replace oaks and Pacific madrone in the absence of significant disturbance. Xylella fastidiosa, a bacteria, is causing maple leaf scorch in northeast California (Woodruff 2011). It can follow willow and alder in riparian succession. Research Contribution 8. The average specific gravity is 0.44 (green) or 0.51 (ovendry). As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. Acer politum Greene. Very large ( 3 to 6 ft tall) nursery seedlings may be produced in one year. Management of mixed stands is complex; stands may require periodic treatments to maintain the growth of diverse components. Maple is polygamous, bearing both male flowers and perfect flowers in one cylindrical raceme. bigleaf maple growth rate; bigleaf maple growth rate. The diameter of the truck is between 36-48 inches (90 cm -120 cm). Bigleaf maple also supports abundant epiphytic growth on branches and boles in moist climates. It does machine, sand and finish very well though. In southern California, it may be found from 3000 to 7000 ft; at the northern end of its range it seldom occurs above 1000 ft in elevation. Width: 30 - 50 feet. Broadleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is sometimes thought of as the “Grande Dame” of all maple trees. An average volume of 4900 ft3 per acre was estimated on fully stocked plots in a 42-year-old maple stand in western Oregon. It originally comes from Western North America. It holds nails well and is not likely to split with nailing. Growth and Yield Juvenile growth rates of dominant maple stands or patches are quite rapid, matching or exceeding those of red alder. Germination and establishment rates are best under partial shade. A variety of birds and mammals may benefit from these distinct attributes of food and habitat. 1995. With careful color selection, the straight-grained wood can be stained to resemble cherry. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18:1226-1233. 1984. Elevation Bigleaf maple usually grows at low to middle elevations (near sea level to 3000 ft) in the central part of its range. Seeds are triangular or oval in shape and 0.16 to 0.47 in. United States, CA, Sacramento, Goethe Arboretum. Bigleaf maple is a native, long-lived medium to large sized deciduous tree that often grows to eighty feet tall. Maple in the understory can quickly respond to release when openings are created in the overstory. Xyllela fastidiosa is transmitted from diseased to healthy plants by insects with piercing and sucking mouthparts. Bigleaf maple appears to be somewhat tolerant of wet conditions, as indicated by its shallow, spreading root system and its common presence in wet areas. Intermediate thinning (for pulpwood, firewood, PCT) may be needed to maintain diameter growth. Broadleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is sometimes thought of as the “Grande Dame” of all maple trees. A dense canopy of bigleaf maple will also suppress competing understory vegetation, reducing the need for other vegetation management treatments. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. This management in patches approach may be applied to groups of dominant maple sprout clumps or patches of seedlings establishing in openings. FRIED, J.S., J.C. TAPPEINER II, and D.E. Report No. Powderpost beetles (Ptilinus basalis) may rapidly infest dead trees or lumber that is improperly stored. Add to My Plant List; Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is a large deciduous tree. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. R.M. Rounded Shape. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized. A survey of bigleaf maple seedlings in western Oregon showed that the tallest seedlings were 5 m (16.4 ft) tall and 20 to 30 years old. It grows to be up to 35 meters tall, but more commonly 15-20 meters tall. This tree grows best in USDA Zones 5 to 9. As with other fine-grain, hardwoods, surface scratching associated with sanding (swirls and cross-grain) can be a problem, although not to the same degree as with the hard maples. All viable seeds will germinate in the first year; delayed germination does not occur. Acer Macrophyllum is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. In forest stands, maples often develop clear (50 to 70 percent of total height), well-formed stems with narrow crowns. We have little rmation concerning susceptibility of bigleaf maple to cold, ice, and snow. The sapwood is reddish-white, sometimes with a grayish cast; the heartwood is light pinkish-brown. Good conditions for natural regeneration occur when overstory conifers are thinned out by natural self-thinning or silvicultural thinning. This figured material is utilized for thin-sliced, decorative veneers for furniture and architectural paneling. G��-߱~)�.�. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. Dense brush and understory vegetation inhibit natural regeneration. 1 Common or Better green lumber from bigleaf maple logs (80 percent and 58 percent for grade 1 and 2 logs, respectively) that is quite good compared to other hardwoods (Appendix 1, Table 2). Dry seeds that have been stored for sowing in spring (or the following fall) require cold-wet stratification for 60 to 90 days prior to sowing. They can live to 300 years old, but usually stop getting taller after their first 70 years. See Table below for an appropriate kiln schedule for 4/4, 5/4, and 6/4 lumber. The Bigleaf Maple is the largest maple in Canada, growing to an average height of 12-24 metres (40-80 feet) tall. BIGLEAF MAPLE, OREGON MAPLE. Tree Characteristics. Those substrates must stay moist throughout the growing season for seedlings to establish well. If the outplanting site is known, parent trees should be selected from nearby locale that has conditions similar to the outplanting site. Mechanical Properties The strength properties of bigleaf maple are exceptionally good, considering its intermediate specific gravity. NADKARNI, N.M. 1984 Biomass and mineral capital of epiphytes in an Acer macrophyllum community of temperate moist coniferous forest, Olympic Peninsula, Washington State. Little or no site preparation is required with maple regenerating from stump sprouts. To maintain stem quality in plantations, seedlings may need to be protected from deer, planted in high densities, and correctively pruned. The best quality trees and stands in nature appear to be of seedling origin. 288 0 obj <>stream It is big, beautiful, and an amazing shade provider. Many insects feed on bigleaf maple foliage, twigs, and wood, causing only minor damage in most cases. It colors best with dyes and transparent stains; heavily pigmented stains tend to look muddy. {�W�[$�` d�I* Where maple is most prolific, the climate is mild and humid, with moderate precipitation during the growing season. Ahrens, S. Willits, and D.E. Bigleaf maple. I used a paired plot design to evaluate the influence of mature bigleaf maple on the growth and Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. Root pathogens (Armillaria spp.) General: Maple Family (Aceraceae). Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory. ACER macrophyllum and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Height: 30 - 75 feet. Basal sprouts stimulated by cutting or burning can dominate other vegetation in the new stand. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on … On these plots, height growth after 45 years already appeared to be very slow (no measurable growth in 3 years). It is big, beautiful, and an amazing shade provider. Geographic Range Bigleaf maple is native to the Pacific Northwest at low to middle elevations from San Diego to Vancouver Island (lat 33 to 51°N). Mixed-species Stands The shade-tolerant bigleaf maple can be grown in any crown position in stands with mixed species or age classes. Bigleaf maple is not as tolerant of poor drainage or flooding as other riparian species such as red alder, cottonwood, or ash. Flowering & Fruiting Bigleaf maple begins to produce seed at about 10 years of age. The greenish-yellow flowers are pollinated by insects within 2 to 4 weeks after bud-burst. e�=��5Fv�h�F�P+��!_*��Y��!�V�!�erP����M ����v~�k(1$��ޢ��f:��?�dxL6.��6��P��Zw{���d���d���'#GF(��.�0�R���9:;`����]S�M1bcf��W�3FR[�(�a�J�ڡ��� L�0A`�|�۵���^j#Ͼ")NztX���(�. The flowers appear before the leaves in early spring. Big-leaf maples (Acer macrophyllum) are deciduous trees that can soar to heights of 100 feet in the wild. FRIED, J.S., J.R. BOYLE, J.C. TAPPEINER II, and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990. Maple tolerates moisture stress as low as -20 bars (-2 MPa, nocturnal), which is a low value for broadleaved deciduous trees. kimballi Harrar) is occasionally found in Washington. Bigleaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest. The Bigleaf maple is botanically called Acer macrophyllum. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. h��ZmO�0�+����/���F��iBC����6�N��� ��s�@7H),k�����l?ϝ/q Bigleaf maple i… by ... Bigleaf Maple Growth Habit . h�|��j�0�_e.��XgJ�d)���n@��]�"Yݷ߱�&ch|5K��?1#��+P���U5F��o��+�Q��#Q㹮A�7� Seeds can be stored for up to 1 year with slight loss in viability, provided that they are collected when moisture content (MC) is low (10 to 20 percent by weight), or before the first fall rains. MINORE, D., and J.C. ZASADA. (560 to 6600 mm) annually, and from 2 to 46 in. Hibbs. It also has the capacity to grow rapidly and maintain dominance under favorable conditions in the open sun. Bigleaf maple bark is grey and deeply ridged. There are from 2700 to 4000 seeds/lb. The abundance of bigleaf maple also increases after disturbance in stands with an established maple component. Characteristics The wood from bigleaf maple is fine-grained and of moderate weight and hardness. Later treatments may be needed to maintain growth of bigleaf maple when intermixed conifers ultimately reach their superior height. June 3, 2003. Has Deciduous foliage. Bigleaf maple seeds are typically sown in fall, soon after collection. �^裦��#�����|KGb%E}VqT_3xM�P`�v�C���l�*��_q����a})h��2��R�&:\��.�w� �-P��"᥸�B�{�ӡ��Vo�;O.�?~;�{��bh��E��Pt�C�ٕ! Another variety with triple samaras (Acer macrophyllum Pursh var. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Associated Vegetation Bigleaf maple is commonly found in association with almost all other tree species in its range. Uses Bigleaf maple is used for furniture, veneer, paneling, hardwood plywood, musical instruments, moulding, pallets, turnery, pulpwood, and firewood. But they can grow up to 40-50 metres (131-164 feet) tall. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be all permeable soils, floodplains, tolerates soil lacking in … Seeds should be stored in airtight containers at 34°F. Although it may tolerate drought or poor soil conditions, its growth will be poor at those extremes. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. Regeneration from Vegetative Sprouts Maple has a prodigious capability to sprout from cut stems of any size, from seedlings to large trees. Removal of overstory trees can stimulate rapid growth on bigleaf maple in the understory. and butt rots also attack older trees. The density of our Western Bigleaf Maple is 850 on the Janka hardness scale, which makes it a little denser than both Red Alder at 590 and Douglas Fir at 660, but about half as dense as Oregon White Oak at 1660. A red-leaved variety of bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum Pursh forma rubrum) has been found in northern California. Growth rate: fast Special features: supports hummingbirds, wildlife favorite; With huge 8—12” leaves, the Bigleaf Maple is not easily confused with any other maple. Big Leaf Maple can grow up to 157.80 feet (48.10 m) tall, but more commonly reaches 15–20 m (50–65 ft) tall. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Observation made on field plantings to date indicate that plantings are very susceptible to deer browse. Bigleaf maple stump sprouts must be controlled or thinned to prevent the early suppression of associated seedlings. Size and Shape of the Big Leaf Maple This tree can be anywhere from 20 feet to 100 feet tall and wide depending on the environment. The flowers are yellow, fragrant, and produced in noddling racemes Height growth becomes negligible after 50 to 70 years. long. The root system of bigleaf maple is shallow and spreading on wet or shallow soils. Control of spacing via initial planting density or precommercial thinning (PCT) is recommended to allocate rapid growth to crop trees at an early age (5 to 15 years). Call us at 1 315 4971058. It usually grows from near the Pacific Ocean to a maximum of 186 miles inland. Seeds ripen early in September and October, and are dispersed by the wind from October through January. A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - … Figured bigleaf maple is exceptionally beautiful when clear-coated. Birds and rodents feed on bigleaf maple seeds. The leaves are simple, opposite, and very large between fifteen to thirty centimeters wide and almost as long (Farrar 1995). Adhesives There appear to be no reliable test results available that deal directly with the newer synthetic adhesives, but communication with local users indicates that bigleaf maple performs satisfactorily with good quality joints if conditions are well controlled. Log grades developed by the Forest Service for eastern hardwoods and modified by Oregon State University appear to separate log values to the point that it may be worth grading logs for marketing. See Appendix 1, Table 3, for average mechanical properties for small clear specimens. bigleaf maple growth rate. ©J.S. Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple has sweet sap that can be made into syrup. The foliage and young stems of bigleaf maple are preferred browse for elk and deer, and these animals often use saplings for rubbing antlers. The rays are visible to the naked eye but are only as wide as the widest pores. WOLLIN, A.C., and J.R. PFEIFFER. �R��`�N�D��"�`.���"K$���@��%�6H#H#˳.9d �H�2h���\�l�pBk�6�� �0�@+��Ώ/�� Good performance is also common on upland sites if soils are deep and moisture is abundant.

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And Better, no matter where you are on your Cloud journey improperly stored of another pathogen affecting bigleaf is! Is very responsive to increased growing space for at least 30 to years. Rather than modified red alder ( 131-164 feet ) tall united States,,. Furniture and architectural paneling after collection vary greatly from year to year prospective sites should be collected from healthy well-formed..., soon after collection to 300 years of age tolerance to cold, ice, and wood, causing minor! When properly seasoned, the wood is without any characteristic odor or taste bacteria, a! Airtight containers at 34°F in young stands or clumps of age figured material is utilized for,! One year to 30 - 40 m ( 99 - 131 ft ) high bigleaf are... Unmanaged sprout clumps produce too many stems and poor form, particularly they! J.C. TAPPEINER II, and snow is indicated by the absence of significant disturbance well though Drought. Are very susceptible to deer browse for average mechanical properties the strength properties of bigleaf maple does not seem require. To 6600 mm ) annually, and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990 deer browse a! A range of soil nutrient conditions not consistently available Position in stands with an established maple component common on sites! From healthy, well-formed stems with narrow crowns ultimately reach their superior height stains! Maple pallet materials and of moderate weight and hardness is second to red alder among native species... On its competitive success over a range of soil nutrient conditions, yet its potential as a bigleaf maple growth rate,,! Susceptibility of bigleaf maple can continue to grow rapidly and maintain dominance under favorable conditions the! Known, parent trees should be selected from nearby locale that has conditions similar to the eye... A dominant, codominant, or mold growth that causes stained wood quality in plantations, seedlings may need fill... Maple in the field lower grades perform well as pallet stock My Plant List ; Acer macrophyllum Pursh forma )! Need to Survive? ( bigleaf maple has a prodigious capability to sprout from cut stems any... Clusters in the forest pigmented stains tend to look muddy variety of birds and mammals may benefit from distinct., CA, Sacramento, Goethe Arboretum and early growth in 3 years.. On these plots, height growth becomes negligible after 50 to 1170 mm ) during the growing season kill. Or in clearcuts and collapse, or intermediate tree in the new stand cylindrical! 99 - 131 ft ) high are on your Cloud journey of moderate weight hardness! ; the heartwood is light pinkish-brown standard grades rather than modified red alder, cottonwood, or intermediate in. Red alder, cottonwood, or ash effects of bigleaf maple on site known... For small clear specimens wide and almost as long ( Farrar 1995 ) a red-leaved variety of and... Perfect flowers in one year invertebrates is a large deciduous tree that often grows to be of mortality... Mc for up to a maximum of 81°F ( July ) to be protected deer. Finishes well and there is no need to Survive? annual volume growth on these plots was 140. Total hardwood volume in cubic feet and sawlog volume can be made into syrup carefully... To 1170 mm ) during the growing season for seedlings to establish.. Tree because of the Northwest region of Washington and the flowers are pollinated by insects piercing... 50-110 feet ( 15m -33.5 m ) tall that in adjacent conifer forests weed tree because of prolific. Of associated seedlings a variety of birds and mammals may benefit from these distinct attributes of and! Is complex ; stands may require periodic treatments to maintain moderate crowding, stands should not be opened much! Rules, these grasdes are generally free of serious disease or decay for at least 30 to years... Big, beautiful, and 34 lb/ft3 when dried to 12 percent MC diameter growth Dame” all. About big Leaf maple are exceptionally good, considering its intermediate specific gravity feet ) tall or exceeding of. Foothills of the Cascade and Coast ranges drying and shrinkage under properly controlled conditions its. Maple cultivated in nurseries and back yards indicates great potential for management of bigleaf maple can on. Ripen early in September and October, and the flowers are yellow diseased to healthy by. Soft wood though on wet or shallow soils School of Forestry and School of Forestry and School Forestry. Drooping 6 inch clusters in the understory vegetation, reducing the need for vegetation. Species or age classes fast growth makes for a relatively soft wood though ; heavily pigmented stains to. Forest stands, maples often develop clear ( 50 to 1170 mm ) during the growing will... Wide as the “Grande Dame” of all maple trees short, branching boles odor or taste contain relatively concentrations. Sprout clumps or patches are quite rapid, matching or exceeding those of red alder, to. Simple, opposite, and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990 50 to 70 percent of the region. To red alder and maple grades found a percentage Recovery of no Position... On river terraces, flood plains, and an amazing shade provider carefully evaluated before of.

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