Iceland's main industries are fish processing, aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power, and hydropower. Iceland has extensive volcanic and geothermal activity. Human and Physical Features of an island (Katie Morag) 3.3 9 customer reviews. As can be observed on the physical map of Iceland, the country's most distinctive features are the glaciers that cover over 4,600 sq. Author: Created by kirstymc1. The site was the home of Iceland's parliament, the Alþing, which was first convened in 930. The highest point is 6,952 feet (2,119 metres), at Hvannadals Peak, the top of Öræfajökull in Vatnajökull. See the lava fields, black-sand beaches and the world famous aurora borealis, while learning about the range of adventurous activities visitors and residents can enjoy in the Land of Ice and Fire. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020 Reykjavík is the capital of Iceland. Comparing human and physical features. An island of 103.000 km2 (40,000 square miles), it is about the same size as Hungary and Portugal, or Kentucky and Virginia. Europe is the second-smallest continent.The name Europe, or Europa, is believed to be of Greek origin, as it is the name of a princess in Greek mythology. The island is therefore highly volcanically and geologically active. The island became independent again in 1944. However, the first settlers at the end of the 9th century had quickly started to cut down the forests to make room for agricultural and grazing land and to make use of the timber – the main building material at the time. Prior to the first human settlements, about a fourth of Iceland was covered in woodland – especially by the coast. Iceland consists of eight geographical regions, Capital Region, Southern Peninsula, West, Westfjords, Northwest, Northeast, East and South. Many of Europes fjords are located in Iceland and Scandinavia. Iceland is a geologically young landscape due to its location on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge between the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates. The area also contains mountain ranges and Iceland's highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur, as well as the Vestmannaeyjar (Westman Islands) archipelago. Almost all of them live in towns and villages near the coast in the south and south-western part of the country. It is located on the southwest coast of the island near the Southern Peninsula. Iceland is also a land of glaciers. Basalt columns and black sand beaches are examples of the volcanic activity of the area. The island is full of lava fields, geysers and hot pools. Iceland is a volcanic island located in the North Atlantic Ocean, 300 km east of Greenland and 900 km west of Norway. Interactive Grammar and Vocabulary Exercises. Use the information to create a clear, visually appealing mind-map showing the physical and human factors affecting population density. Home to Iceland's capital, Reykjavík, the Capital Region is the most densely populated area in Iceland. This can be frustrating for people that are try… Several natural harbours exist and provide good fishing grounds. Physical Features of Iceland Iceland is a beautiful country with vast fields, tall mountains, waterfalls and geysers. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences The University of Iceland is the center for scientific research. Human: The people of Iceland share a love of art, such as drawing, and a love of literature. The main island, which lies south of the Arctic Circle, covers an area of 103,000 km, which is roughly the size of the U.S. state of Virginia or slightly bigger than Ireland. Read more. Created: Jun 30, 2011 | Updated: Nov 17, 2014. This is particularly notable for English speakers; when a foreigner is engaged in conversation with a group of Icelanders, most of the time we will swap over to English so that the whole group is able to understand. The peninsula contains Iceland's northernmost glacier, Drangajökull. Use this Powerpoint to teach KS2 children all about Iceland. roads and bridges and things that are MANMADE are human features The coastline is 4,970 km, and Iceland maintains a 200 nautical-miles exclusive economic zone. Reykjavik has a population of 120,165 people (2008 estimate) and its metropolitan area or the Greater Reykjavik area has a population of 201,847 people. Learn about the country near the Arctic Circle with 24 hours of daylight in the summer and short winter days. The site was the home of Iceland's parliament, the Alþing, which was first convened in 930. Photo credit: Alexander Matukhno, Iceland Airwaves Flickr Icelanders are friendly and welcoming, to the extent that we’ve recently been voted the friendliest country in the world. This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html. Laki fissure vent– Suðurland. On average Icelanders are about 175 - 185cm for men and about 165-175 for women. 4. Author: Created by sparkles28. Iceland is largely a tableland broken up by structural faults. The 804-metre (2,638 ft) Hafnarfjall Mountain rises over the landscape.[8]. The Highlands make up about half of Iceland's land area, which is of recent volcanic origin and consists of a mountainous lava desert (highest elevation 2,110 m (6,923 ft) above sea level) and other wasteland. The primary language spoken by the people is called Icelandic. Live in houses of brick, concrete, wood, etc. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences The University of Iceland is the center for scientific research. Iceland is a volcanic island located in the North Atlantic Ocean, 300 km east of Greenland and 900 km west of Norway. The main island, which lies south of the Arctic Circle, covers an area of 103,000 km, which is roughly the size of the U.S. state of Virginia or slightly bigger than Ireland. [9] The four largest Icelandic glaciers are: Because of the moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, the climate is temperate and characterized by damp, cool summers and relatively mild but windy winters. Physical: In Iceland there are glaciers, rivers, and hills throughout the country. speak german language of Icelandic, similar to norweigian. They make a living by raising sheep and cattle. North European Plain The coastline is marked by numerous fjords as its name suggests. Learn about the country near the Arctic Circle with 24 hours of daylight in the summer and short winter days. Read about Iceland's unique geological features, its population, capital city, language, history, location and much more. Place - The human and physical characteristics of a place 3. 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