Rescue services said Wednesday’s eruption on Mount Stromboli had started fires on the western side of the small Mediterranean island north of Sicily. Fortunately, large eruptions of Stromboli have been rare in modern times. Because these eruptions are so distinctive and well known, geologists use the word "Strombolian" to clearly describe similar eruptive activity at other volcanoes. Yet another significant geological feature of the island bears the name of Sciara del Fuo… National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology’s observatory at Etna reports, Data from the Laboratory of Experimental Geophysics at the University of Florence, writes Dr. Tom Pfeiffer of VolcanoDiscovery.com. Stromboli is known as the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean" and has a population of around 500. Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program Website. This view shows the northeast side of the island where most of their dwellings are located. and lava flows to the sea. Image copyright iStockphoto / miralex. Strombolian eruptions are mild explosive events where "slugs" of gas periodically rise through a magma-filled volcanic conduit, burst at the surface, and throw bits of lava into the air. Her concentration is in volcanology, and she is currently researching lava dome collapses and pyroclastic flows. This is the type of eruption known as "Strombolian." Study Questions Both Dark Matter And Einstein’s Theory Of Relativity, Alien Hunting Astronomers Investigate A Signal From Nearby Proxima Centauri, Sunday’s Google Doodle Celebrates Sudan, The Last Male Northern White Rhino, Will You See The ‘Christmas Star’ On The Solstice? Stromboli is a very active volcano and is thought to have been consistently active, more or less, for perhaps thousands of years. Starting around 160,000 years ago, the island of Stromboli proper began forming. Mt. The powerful explosion event lasted about 6 minutes (until 20:10:00 UTC), with at least … The last major eruption of the volcano occurred on 13 April 2009. Stromboli is located on a NE-SW trending fault system, but the mechanisms which feed the volcano's magma chamber, and their relationship to the fault system, are poorly understood. Stromboli Volcano Eruption 2019. This is a view of the eastern side of the island and the Sciara del Fuoco (Stream of Fire) collapse scar, which funnels tephra Several explosions occur each hour. A volcano on Italy's Stromboli island has erupted causing a plume of smoke to fill the air. The National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology’s observatory at Etna reports that its network recorded a loud explosion and eruption, sending lava and debris falling around the crater of the volcano and slope known as the Sciara del Fuoco, which is sometimes visited by hikers. A spectacular explosion from an Italian volcano has sent locals and tourists running for cover to avoid a shower of rocks and ash. Stromboli is home to one of the world's most active volcanoes. No injuries have been reported but planes have been deployed to drop water on fires caused by lava. Known as the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean", Stromboli is one of three active volcanoes in Italy and it has been in a regular state of eruption since 1932. I've written e-books on Android and Alaska. Image copyright iStockphoto / lucamanieri. A violent eruption jolted residents of the Italian volcanic island of Stromboli awake at 3 a.m. Sunday. I began covering Silicon Valley for the now defunct Business 2.0 Magazine in 2000, but when the dot-com bubble burst, I found myself manning a public radio station in the Alaskan Bush for three years. Jessica earned her Bachelor of Science degree from the College of William and Mary, and worked for a year at the American Geological Institute in the Education/Outreach Program. The first eruptions began about 200,000 years ago, and formed the now-eroded Strombolicchio volcano. Its base begins over 1000 meters below the surface of the Tyrrhenian Sea and it rises to an elev… Stromboli is one of the eight Aeolian Islands, a volcanic arc north of Sicily and a popular tourist destination. Data from the Laboratory of Experimental Geophysics at the University of Florence indicate that the eruption lasted for about four minutes before conditions on the island returned to relative normal. The island of Stromboli was built by a series of eruptions of potassium-rich basalt and basaltic andesite lavas. One of the largest explosions since the 1930 eruption of Stromboli volcano occurred in the afternoon of 3 July 2019. When this type of eruption is observed at other volcanoes it is often referred to as a Strombolian eruption. Major Stromboli volcanic eruption on November 10 2020. Jessica Ball is a graduate student in the Department of Geology at the State University of New York at Buffalo. A catastrophic sector collapse would not only displace large volumes of material and possibly expose dike systems on the volcano's NW slope; it could also create a tsunami, which could cause much damage if it reached any of the other islands in the Aeolian archipelago or the Sicilian coast. Stromboli is one of the most active volcanoes on Earth and has been erupting Because these eruptions are so distinctive and well known, geologists use the word \"Strombolian\" to clearly describe similar eruptive activity at other volcanoes. A plume rises from the volcanic vent with the same name. feet) above sea level. Mount Stromboli is also the creator of the nickname 'Strombolian' which is given to eruptions similar to those that Stromboli is so renowned for. She also writes the Magma Cum Laude blog, and in what spare time she has left, she enjoys rock climbing and playing various stringed instruments. Activity at Stromboli has been recorded by historians for more than 1,000 years, and varies from mild degassing to lava flows to violent explosive eruptions. You may opt-out by. Most eruptions at Stromboli consists of small gas explosions that hurl incandescent blobs of lava above the crater rim. The eruption of Stromboli, on a small island off the coast of Sicily, sent a gigantic plume of smoke billowing into the sky. Stromboli is known as the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean." Map by Geology.com and MapResources. I've covered science, technology, the environment and politics for outlets including CNET, PC World, BYTE, Wired, AOL and NPR. The site boasts a quite impressive statistic. A view of the island known as "Stromboli." Stromboli has been in a near-continuous eruptive phase for … Firefighters reported that widespread vegetation fires had broken out. Mount Stromboli has been in almost continuous eruption for the past 2,000–5,000 years. Stromboli volcano eruption: One dead as tourists run and ‘jump into sea’ on Italian island ‘There was a loud roar. Stromboli is famously hyperactive, by which I mean it’s been erupting pretty much continuously in some form or another for decades. Stromboli is one of the most active volcanoes on the planet, according to Geology.com, and has almost been erupting continuously since 1932. Rick: The eruption and collapse were easily missed since they lasted only a few minutes. Upon returning to the lower 48, I covered politics, energy and the environment as a freelancer for National Public Radio programs and spent time as an online editor for AOL and Comcast. The last major eruption was in 2002, when a … The photograph was taken in collaboration astrophysicist Massimo Cecconi, who calculated the precise moment in which the solar disk seems to touch the crater. Stromboli is one of Italy’s three active volcanoes, and one of the most active in the world. The current eruptive vents are located at the top of the Sciara del Fuoco (Stream of Fire), a large collapse scar on the northwest side of the island which formed about 5,000 years ago. Stromboli is widely known for its spectacular eruptions which jet fountains Fire … The volcanoes of the Calabrian arc are associated with the subduction of the African tectonic plate under the Eurasian plate. Simplified plate tectonics cross-section showing how Stromboli is located above a subduction zone formed where the Eurasian and African plates collide. Mt. The Neostromboli period saw the formation of the modern volcanic edifice, which involved numerous flank and summit caldera collapses. 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